Listening is an important means for people to communicate and accept information. First of all, you should lay a solid foundation of Chinese phonetics, and pay attention to difference in pronunciation. Chinese phonetics is a basic skill for learning the Chinese language. It’s hard to improve the listening and difficult to be understood by others if your pronunciation is not accurate. Teachers need to teach students some of the phonetic knowledge , and lay stress on the training of pronunciation and intonation.
Such as the difference between z, c, s, zh, ch, sh and ā, á, ǎ, à. Let the students form the habit of making pronunciation according to the standard phonetic requirements. Starting from the basic Chinese phonetics, then follow in words, phrase, sentence, conversation and text step by step, thus can improve the listening skill.
Second, combine intensive and extensive listening. In order to overcome the bad habit of listening first and then translated it, teachers should be targeted for quick passage listening exercises to enable students to be able to immediately hear the contents of a paragraph, and respond promptly to questions. Then practice the intensive listening over and over again, and immediately recognize the accurate word, phrases and sentences. The selected material should be from easy to difficult, slow to fast, so that students can become accustomed to. In listening class, we should train student ability of correct listening method. It is a normal phenomenon that sometimes we cannot catch the term, so we should not be anxious. We should keep up with the record speed, do not dwell on a word or a sentence, and give your mind wholly to the listening, answer while thinking, quickly arrange the information you hear, thus can improve the correct answer rate.
Last, you should understand the customs of the Han nationality, and learn through experience. You should attend some lectures or some small forums regularly. For example: customs, education, history, fashion, festivals, movies, best-selling books, food, etc. Each student can choose different topics according to their preferences, when a student had finished, other students can add contents or ask questions. Through such activities, students have a better understanding of the Han people’s culture, and they can achieve the purpose of training more and speaking more, thus improve the listening skill.
The following are the methods people use in Chinese listening:
1. “The ways people use to improve Chinese listening are not the same, but I have a good idea. People who like to watch TV can watch Chinese TV series, and you can sing Chinese songs. Thus improve your Chinese listening.”
2. “I like to watch TV. I have watched a lot of Chinese TV shows, such as “Hanakimi “, “It Started With a Kiss” and so on. If some words I do not understand, I will check the dictionary, such as “拜托（please）”, “阴谋（conspiracy）”, “凶（fierce）” or “干嘛（why）” and so on. This is very good for my listening.”
3. You can listen to recordings, watch TV, answer questions, chat with friends in Chinese, reading, and listening to audio tapes. Listening and repeating these over and over again when you are free. Thus you can make rapid progress. Of course it is better to improve listening skill if you want to listen to radio.